Economy

 

Sikar district is one of the semi desert districts of Rajasthan. Agriculture and animal husbandry are the main occupation in this district. It was an industrial backward district but since last few years it appears to have bright future for industrial development due to favourable geographical situation regarding availability of raw material from mineral resources. The district of Sikar has important resources. If these resources are harnessed and exploited, they can bring prosperity to the district. These resources are discussed below:

 

 

HUMAN RESOURCES

 

Human resources are the basic input for managing the existing and future industrial development of an area. According to Census 2011, the total working force in the district was estimated at 10.07 Lacs, representing 37.59 percent of the total population. Out of this working force 24.57 percent were males and 13.02 percent were females. Out of total working force Main workers were 6.99 Lacs and Marginal workers were 3.08 Lacs.

 

 

OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN OF WORKING FORCE

 

According to Census 2011, there were 49.81 percent cultivators, 8.73 percent agriculture labourers, 2.26 percent engaged in household industry and the remaining 39.20 percent engaged in other works in Sikar district. If we classify occupational pattern of working force between males and females, this comes out to be as follows:

 

 

WORKING FORCE IN SIKAR DISTRICT (According to Census 2011 )

S. NO. ACTIVITY MAIN WORKERS MARGINAL WORKERS TOTAL WORKERS
MALES FEMALES TOTAL MALES FEMALES TOTAL MALES FEMALES TOTAL
1 CULTIVATORS 207912 105318 313230 49712 138369 188081 257624 243687 501311
2 AGRICULTURAL LABOURS 30955 11444 42399 19650 25840 45490 50605 37284 87889
3 HOUSEHOLD INDUSTRY 13023 3298 16321 2209 4246 6455 15232 7544 22776
4 OTHERS 294288 32473 326761 40105 27662 67767 334393 60135 394528
GRAND TOTAL 546178 152533 698711 111676 196117 307793 657854 348650 1006504

 

Sikar district provides the livelihood to maximum number of people in the district. To assess its industrial potential, it would be worthwhile to explore the land-use pattern, irrigation facilities, crops, livestock, dairy, cattle development, etc. This will provide a broad spectrum of resources inventory and resource base, on which foundation of industrial growth are generally laid down.

 

 

IRRIGATION AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES

 

The major part of the cropped area in the district is un-irrigated. Wells are the major sources of irrigation in the district. There is only one lake in the district, which is insignificant from the irrigation point of view. There are few streams in the district which flow for some time during rainy season and contribute towards irrigation through sub-surface water to the wells situated near the bank.

 

The ground water shows large variation, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The water level varies from 5 meters to 60 meters in the different part of the district. The quality of water is fairly good and suitable for drinking as well as irrigation purposes except few places. The ground water resources potential has been computed by ground water Department.

 

Total ground water resources               302.1612 MCM

        Net Extraction                                    402.3115 MCM

        Surplus Potential                                40.5225   MCM        

        Stage of development                         153.00%

 

MAJOR CROPS

 

Bajra, Wheat, Gram, Barley, Rape & Mustard Groundnut, Pulses and Guar are the major crops of the Sikar District. Khariff crops constitute the bulk of field production in the district since the agricultural activities mostly depend on monsoon, the production of different principal crops in Sikar district for the year 2012-2013 and onwards are being given in table.

 

AREA AND PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS IN SIKAR DISTRICT

(Area in Hectares Production in TONS)

 

S.No. Crop 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Area Production Area Production Area Production

1

BAJRA

284000

76900

288588

231727

282202

407799

2

WHEAT

91200

302055

97957

335231

99558

325535

3

BARLEY

32950

105429

33313

106602

32649

97959

4

GRAM

45900

50500

60635

62151

40703

44762

5

GUAR   

125000

78000

131655

101070

133877

119095

6

RAPES & MUSTARD

58100

69722

61365

78296

57689

75004

7

GROUND NUT     

24000

40000

23422

39636

22000

43733

8

METHI

7500

9751

7000

8400

10640

12769

9

PULSES

46000

19000

41489

27191

41962

26463

10

MAIZE

4

8

00

00

00

00

11

SUGARCANE

17

34

00

00

00

00

12

TARAMIRA 

530

318

1025

805

1115

533

13

ONION

6120

160700

6879

117729

8227

181060

 

Crop Sowing status, Approximately Production & Productivity during Kharif 2015-16- upto 13.07.2015

S.N.

Name of crop

Sowing Target (in hect.)

Sowing Progress (in hect.)

Approximately Production (MT)

Approximately Productivity (Kg/hect.)

1

Bajra

290000

150000

377000

1300

2

Moong

18000

5000

9900

550

3

Moth

4000

2000

1600

400

4

Cowpea

41000

15000

28700

700

5

Groundnut

25000

18026

46250

1850

6

Til

1000

200

500

500

7

Guar

120000

40000

76800

640

8

Other

15000

4000

 

-

Total

514000

234226

540750

 

 

Area and Production of Horticulture Crops

SR.

No.

Name of Vegetables

Estimated Area and Production

 

Area (Hactare)

Production (MT)

A

VEGETABLES

 

 

1

Potato 50 1000

2

Brinjal 190 4750

3

Tomato 200 6000

4

Green Chilli

322 4830

5

Bottle Gourd

82 820

6

Pumpkin

20 400

7

Cabbage

315 7875

8

Cauliflower

340 6800
9 Ridge Gourd 120 960
10 Cucumber (Khira) 95 2375
11 Bitter Gourd 30 240
12 Tinda 120 3000
13 Long Melon (Kakri) 95 475
14 Okra 125 1000
15 Sweet Potato 110 1100
16 Onion 14500 435000
17 Water Melon 350 10500
18 Musk Melon 120 1200
19 Carrot 380 7600

20

Radish

360 7200
21 Pea 290 1740
22 Spinach 30 360
23 Other 292 2200

 

Total A

18536 507425

B

FRUITS

1737 3110
C Methi 7500 15000

 

G.Total (A + B+ C)

27773 525535

 

LIVESTOCK RESOURCES

 

MAIN LIVESTOCK ANALYSIS

 

Animal husbandry plays a vital role in the economy of the district. Sikar, district is very rich in livestock, both quantitatively and qualitatively since rearing of livestock forms an important spare time occupation of the cultivators of the district. The main livestock of the district are cows, buffaloes, sheep, goats and camels.

 

 

Animal Husbandry Nos. up to 31.03.2015

S. No.

TYPE OF LIVE STOCK

POPULATION

1

Cow & Bullock

331034

2

Buffaloes

554076

3

Sheep

146283

4

Goat

1073389

5

Pigs

4126

6

Horses

824

7

Ponies (Khachchar)

65

8

Donkeys

1164

9

Camel

7085

10

Dogs

7620

11

Rabbit

440

12

Birds

85241

 

WOOL SUPPLY

 

Sheep are reared, mainly for wool and meat. The population of sheep in the district is about 2.37 Lac, which could yield around 3.93 Lac kg. wool annually.

 

 

AVAILABILITY OF HIDES

 

The average yield of hides is about 25 sq.feet per animal, so the availability of hides in the district can be estimated to around 6.3 Lac sq. feet per year.

 

 

AVAILABILITY OF BONES

 

According to the report of “Bones and Bonnier” in India, the yield of bones per animal is around 12 Kg.  Therefore, the availability of bones in the district can be estimated to about 300 tons per year.

 

 

AVAILABILITY OF MILK

 

On the basis of availability of milk, this district has an important place in the State. There is a large number of milk animals like buffaloes and cows in the district. The yield of milk is sufficiently large to an extent of 10 Lac litres per day. After the local consumption of milk in the district, a surplus of about 3 Lac litres per day is available for processing. At present the surplus milk is purchased by Rajasthan Cooperative Dairy Federation, Jaipur at the rates fixed by them and some other private dairies.

 

 

VETERINARY FACILITIES

 

It is important to note here that the district has developed sufficient number of veterinary hospital and Dispensaries. 1 Multipurpose veterinary hospital, 31 First Class veterinary hospitals, 82 veterinary hospitals and 120 sub-centers are working in the district by the end of 31st march 2015.

 

 

MINERAL RESOURCES

 

CONCENTRATION AND LOCATION

 

Neemkathana and Srimadhopur tehsils of Sikar district are enriched with mineral deposit. Principal minerals available in the district are Calcite, Dolomite, Marble, Limestone, China clay, Masonry Stone, quartz silica sand etc. It is important to note that the production of good quality of marble has been started in the district and it has good potential. Area-wise of mineral is being given below:

 

 

S. NO

NAME OF MINERAL

TEHSIL

OCCURRENCE

1

LIMESTONE

ALL

-----

2

CHINA CLAY

NEEM KA THANA

BECHARIA, TORDA PURUSHOTTAM PURA

3

CALCITE

SRI MADHOPUR

RAIPUR, SADAIPURA, JILLO

4

DOLOMITE

NEEM KA THANA

RAMGARH MAONDA

5

FELSPAR

NEEM KA THANA

CHAFALO, CHOOLA

6

QUARTZ

NEEN KA THANA SRI MADHOPUR

BUCHARA, CHOOLA, MAHUWA

7

IRON

NEEM KA THANA

RAIPUR, BAGODI, SIROHI PACHNONGI

 

MINERAL PRODUCTION

 

The production of principal minerals have explored in Sikar district in 2014-15 are being given in the following table:

 

 

PRODUCTION AND TARGETS OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS IN SIKAR DISTRICT

(Production in tones     Revenue Rs. in Lac)

S.NO

MINERALS

MINERALS PRODUCTION

REVENUE (2014-15)

1

RED OCAR

29915

3.60

2

QUARTZ, PHELSPHAR and SILICA

141547

118.57

3

CALCITE

49

0.58

 

 

FOREST RESOURCES

 

The total area under forest is reported to be 63768.40 hectares. A large-scale plantation program has been carried out in the district in recent years. The common trees found in the district are Rohida, Babool, Khair, Hingot, Khejra, Shisham, Neem etc. The principal forest products of the district are grasses, honey, bamboo and firewood.